中西文明的接觸、衝突與適應類型

劉勝驥

中文摘要

杭廷頓、薩伊德等人對文明接觸乃至衝突的研究啟發了本文,金觀濤、劉青峰、蕭功秦認為抗日建國時期「農民民族主義」、文化大革命時期「新華夏中心主義」是中國文明兩次中心,研究者以為中國當前獨立自主路線仍然是自我中心。本研究假設文明接觸可以產生「吸收融合型」、「獨立自主型」、「革命更生型」、「去中國化型」和「衝突反抗型」五種適應模式。近代中西文明接觸兩百多年、其間政治事件、社會變遷、經濟發展、文化轉型各種因素交叉呈現,本研究挑選1897-1901義和團、1862-1894「自強運動」、1898「維新運動」、1895-1911興中會、同盟會、1919-1935「五四運動」、1924-1956中國共產黨、1966-1976文化大革命、1968-今新加坡1978-今大陸開放、1992-今台灣民主等十段時期,歸類當時社會對接觸西方文明的適應模式,並從整體國家利益上給予評分。大陸所提出的亞洲價值論,正是本研究得分較高的模式。中國有願景、有能力再度成為中心文明,它與「農民民族主義」、「新華夏中心主義」,有性質、內涵、訴求的明顯差別;而且它整理了中國文明特質,諸如:重視集體主義、家庭價值、勤儉道德、思想教育與政府職能,最重要的是它重新回到了儒家價值,值得我政府的注意。

 

Contact, Conflict and Adaption type of China and the West civilization

Liu Sun Chi

abstract

Arnold Toynbee, Samuel Huntington, Edward Said 's waiting for someone to get in touch with to the civilization was to the research of conflict to inspire this text. Some Chinese scholars think "the Farmer Principle Nationalism" of Anti- Janpan Wars period, and "new China Center Doctrine" of Cultural Revolution period is a Chinese civilization two times center. The researcher thinks China at present the independent route still is a selfishness. This research assumption civilization contact can produce "absorb blend type" , " independent type" ," revolution type" ,"Criticism China type" with five kinds of orientation modes of " conflict resists type". The culture exchange between China and West is clear to get in touch with the political affairs, society change of more than 200 years, in the interval, the economy development, culture to transform various factor to cross to present in the modern age. This research's choosing 1897-1901 Yi-Ho-Goup regiment, 1862-1894"self-renewalexercise"s, 1898"Reformist Movement"s, 1895-1911 K.M.T. Revolution ,1919-1935 "54 New Culture Movement", 1924-1956 Chinese Communist Revolution ,1966-1976 Cultural Revolutions,1968-now Singapore 1978-the Mainland Opens now,1992-now Taiwanese Democracy etc. ten periods, categorize social at that time to get in touch with the orientation mode of the west civilization, and gives from the whole national interest grade point. The Asia axiology that these the Chinese Communist Party 's the third generations put forward when leaders of Jiang Ze-Ming,Lee Peng is exactly this research to get a goal the higher mode. There is vision in China, have the ability to once more become the center civilization, it with "the Farmer Principle Nationalism" ,"new China Center Doctrine" ,have obvious difference of the property, content, claim; And it tidied up the Chinese civilization characteristic, such as:Value the collectivism, family value, the industry and thrift morals, the thought education and the government working talent, it was most important to re- return to the Confucianism value, attention worthy of aiming governmental by me.