投票行賄罪的犯罪性質-兼評最高法院九十九年度第五次刑事庭會議

李聖傑

中文摘要

最高法院九十九年度第五次刑事庭會議(一)經由刑事庭會議,就投票行賄行為(公職人員選舉罷免法第九十九條、刑法第一四四條)的犯罪類型,以決議方式主張投票行賄罪在犯罪性質上,除符合傳統典型接續犯之要件外,應以一罪一罰為論罪原則。這樣的表達,與國內多數學說認為投票行賄罪為集合犯,顯然有相當的差異。為了讓最高法院九十九年度第五次刑事庭會議(一)之決議,能夠與相關學說或部分實務判決有銜接可能,本文以投票行賄罪的相關判決作為分析對象,論述投票行賄罪的犯罪性質,重新解構「接續犯」與「集合犯」的概念,呈現「接續犯」與「集合犯」的關係,希望在新法的實際過渡應用中,思考最高法院九十九年度第五次刑事庭會議決議的適當性,而提供學說與實務的對話參考。

 

The Study of Interference with Voting ─ Also Discussing the Resolution Passed by the 2010 Fifth Criminal Divisions Conference of the Supreme Court of the R.O.C.

Sheng-Chieh Lee

abstract

The Supreme Court concluded in the 5th criminal divisions conference last year that offenses of interference with voting in the Article 144 of Criminal Law should in principle be sentenced offense by offense, unless it can be considered as a continuing offense. The opinion implied in this conclusion differs significantly from the mainstream theory, by which the offenses in the Article 144 of the Criminal Law are considered as a collective offense. This essay, by analyzing courts' decisions, tries to discuss the nature of the offenses of interference with voting, and reconstruct the core ideas of the continuing and collective offense. The aim is to clarify the relation between the two types of offenses theoretically and practically.