犯罪被害補償制度之比較研究─兼及我國問題之分析與改革建議

盧映潔

中文摘要

犯罪發生後,被害人或其家屬經常會陷入相當的困境,此時國家的功能應該從法律與秩序的保衛者角色擴大成為負起積極的社會建構任務,因而國家除了承擔起維持一個公義的社會秩序的義務,也應該給予符合人性尊嚴的生活,特別是要能去除社會的不公平現象,因而犯罪被害人的保護與協助乃重要課題。本文藉由外國被害補償法制的比較介紹,以及對於我國犯罪被害人補償制度的問題探討,期能為我國犯罪被害人保護提供更多變革的楔機。

 

The Comparative Study of Compensation Systems for Crime Victims - Also Analysing the Problems and the Reform Suggestions in Taiwan

Lu, Ying-Chieh

abstract

It has been more than ten years since the enforcement of the compensation system for crime victims in Taiwan. This study has focused on its design in comparison with compensation system in other Countries, for example Germany, Japan. This study is also intended to address the function and the disadvantages of current implementation of the compensation system for crime victims in Taiwan, then proposes some suggestions for future change.