日本における最近の刑法改正について

山中敬一

中文摘要

本文在論述近年來日本刑法上重要的修訂,首先就全面修訂的動向說明其歷程。其後採取部分修訂的方式來進行現代刑法的修法。主要的轉變有將刑法的舊式日文用語及語法轉換成白話。在各論方面也將修訂集中在支付用晶片卡電磁紀錄犯罪、危險駕駛致死傷罪、對國外犯之處罰、法定刑之重新修正、新設罰金刑、高科技犯罪與強制執行相關的犯罪修正上。

本文對於高科技犯罪與強制執行相關的犯罪作了較為詳細的敘述。在有關不正指令的電磁紀錄方面,新設有關不正指令的電磁紀錄、擴充散佈猥褻物等罪的構成要件、新設電子計算機損壞等業務妨害罪的未遂處罰規定。尤其針對將以往「以販賣目的而所持上開物品者,亦同」,修正為「以有償而散布之目的」,也處罰「保管電磁紀錄者」。平息了日本實務上以往對於猥褻的「動畫」是紀錄儲存在所謂硬碟上的「物」,並非是以媒體這樣的「物」來作為販賣的目的的爭議。在強制執行方面也透過新進的修正而對應經濟不振的社會現狀所產生的社會問題。

 

Japanese Newest Criminal Law Revision

Keiichi, Yamanaka

abstract

Japanese newest criminal law revision abstract this article in elaboration in recent years in Japanese criminal law important revision, first on the trend which revises comprehensively explains its course. After that adopts the part revision the way to carry on the modern criminal law to repair the law. The main transformation has the criminal law old-style Japanese terminology and the grammar transforms the vernacular. In will discuss the aspect also to revise respectively concentrates in the payment with the chip card electromagnetism record crime, dangerous driving sends the casualty crime, to violates the punishment, the legal line overseas revises, supposes the fine punishment, the high tech crime newly with enforces the correlation in the crime revision. This article with enforced the correlation regarding the high tech crime the crime to make a more detailed narration. In the related positive order electromagnetism record aspect, newly is not equipped with closes positive order electromagnetism record, crime and so on expansion dispersion indecent constitution important documents, newly does not suppose service hindrance crime and so on electronic accounting machine damage attempted punishment stipulations. Will aim at “but especially formerly trades the goal to hold these goods, also with”, the revision will be “goal of by the paid dispersion”, also punished “the storage electromagnetism record”. Has subsided in the Japanese practice formerly was the record stores up regarding indecent “the animation” on the so-called hard disk “the thing”, is by no means by the media such “the thing” took trades goal dispute. Was enforcing the aspect also to penetrate the recently revision to correspond the social question which the economical dispirited society present situation produced.