2012年中國大陸刑事訴訟法之評析—以辯護制度與秘密資訊蒐集措施的規定為中心

吳俊毅

中文摘要

2012年3月通過、2013年元月生效的中國大陸刑事訴訟法。當中的特定問題領域,首開先例對外就草案內容廣泛徵求意見,最終拍版採取許多不同於1996年刑事訴訟法的看法。由於新修部分調整的幅度相當大。為了能夠深入掌握新法的特色,也考慮到文章的篇幅,本文想聚焦在辯護制度以及秘密的資訊蒐集措施(技術偵查措施、臥底偵查員)。這兩個地方是本次修法以及新立法的重點,同樣地,也是我們這邊最近較為關注的領域。在方法上,透過辯護人地位和功能的理論,以及將秘密的資訊蒐集措施與古典強制處分措施同樣視為基本權干預的觀點,按照這樣的理論基礎所形成的討論架構,分別對兩個主題進行體系性地介紹,比方,凸顯舊法的特點和問題,以及與此相對應的,指出新法規定的特色所在。然後,從學理的觀點,對新法部分所採取的問題解決對策進行評論,並且提出在未來修法時的建議以及討論上應有的取向。

 

The New Criminal Procedure Law of the P.R.C. in 2012-Focus on Defense and Action of Secretly Collected Information

Jiuan-Yih Wu

abstract

The new Criminal Procedure Law of the P.R.C. is in 2012 passed and in January 2013 effective. For the first time are comments in some areas of problems on the outside asked. The new code has many changes as the old code in 1996. In the new code there are a lot of modifications. In order to present the important points of the new regulations this article will try to focus on defense, defender, and action of secretly collected information (survey with technology equipment, undercover investigators). At the same time these areas are also in Taiwan high concerned. The structures of discussion are based not only on die position und function of defender but also on the aspect of intervention of human right. Therefore can the both topics systematic introduced.