以合理權利金計算專利侵害 損害賠償之研究


周伯翰

中文摘要

本文採用比較研究法及案例研究法加以比較研究和分析檢討美國與台灣有關以合理權利金計算專利侵害損害賠償的相關法規 與相關判決所建立之法律原則。首先,本文介紹並說明美國有關以合理權利金計算專利侵害 損害賠償的相關法規與相關判決所建立之法律原則,例如:美國專利法第284 條及關於以合理權利金計算專利侵害損害賠償的各 種主要類型,包括「假設協商法」、「解析法」、「整體市場價值法」的相關重要判決,並對於各判決採用的賠償方法及其建立的法律 原則進行分析與檢討,再於該章之最後一節總結整理及闡釋該章內容之重點。其次,本文介紹並說明台灣有關計算專利侵害損害賠償的相 關法規與相關判決所建立之法律原則,例如:專利法第97 條第1項及民事訴訟法第222 條第2 項等規定及智慧財產法院近期的相 關重要判決,並對於各判決採用的賠償方法與其建立的法律原則進行分析與檢討,再於該章之最後一節總結整理及闡釋該章內容之重點。 最後,本文就前述美國與台灣有關以合理權利金計算專利侵害損害賠償的相關法規與相關判決所建立之法律原則進行彙整比較及分析檢討,期待能夠對於台灣有關以合理權利金計算專利侵 害損害賠償之法制發展有所助益,並使台灣的司法實務界在處理有關專利侵害之案件而以合理權利金計算其損害賠償之金額或依民法第197 條第2 項所規定的不當得利而使專利權人向侵害專利 權者請求返還其利益時,能夠有較為具體可行之標準可以參酌。

 

The Study on the Damages for Patent Infringement Calculated by Reasonable Royalties

Bo-Han Jou

abstract

This article uses comparative study and case study to comparatively research, analyze and review the legal principles established by the relevant laws, regulations and judgments in regard to the damages for patent infringement calculated by reasonable royalties in the United States and Taiwan. First, this article introduces and explains the legal principles established by the relevant laws, regulations and judgments with regard to the damages for patent infringement calculated by reasonable royalties in the United States, such as the Article 284 of the U.S. Patent Law and the related important judgments in regard to the various main types of the damages for patent infringement calculated by reasonable royalties, including the hypothetical negotiation, the analytical approach, and the entire market value rule; as well as this article also analyzes and reviews the compensation methods used in every judgments and the legal principles established by every judgments; then, this article summarizes and interprets the key points of the contents of this Chapter in the last Section of the Chapter. Next, this article introduces and explains the legal principles established by the relevant laws, regulations and judgments regarding the calculation of the damages for patent infringement in Taiwan, such as the Item 1 of the Article 97 of the Taiwan Patent Law, the Item 2 of the Article 222 of the Taiwan Code of Civil Procedure and so forth, and the related important judgments recently made by the Intellectual Property Court; as well as this article also analyzes and reviews the compensation methods used in every judgments and the legal principles established by every judgments; then, this article summarizes and interprets the key points of the contents of this Chapter in the last Section of the Chapter. Finally, this article aggregates, compares, analyzes and reviews the precedent legal principles established by the relevant laws, regulations and judgments in relation to the damages for patent infringement calculated by reasonable royalties in the United States and Taiwan, in order to assist the legal development with relation to the damages for patent infringement calculated by reasonable royalties in Taiwan, and to provide Taiwan judicial practitioners the concrete and feasible standards to deal with the cases about patent infringement to calculate the amount of the damages based on reasonable royalties or to make the patentees recover the benefits from the patent infringers based on the unjust enrichment provided in the Item 2 of the Article 197 of the Taiwan Civil Law.