論提供網路侵權連結的著作權法責任—以電話亭KTV為例


江雅綺

中文摘要

近年來,數位科技與應用持續發展,不斷改變人們的生活型態與娛樂模式。以電話亭KTV的出現為例,有別於一般KTV包廂歡唱的模式,它以個別消費者為目標族群,街角巷口擺設一具有如電話亭般的小空間,內裡提供個人上網和歡唱所需的配件,便利消費者隨時隨地的高歌一曲。然而電話亭KTV的經營模式,有些是業者先行建置雲端歌曲檔案資料庫供消費者選擇點選,有些則是消費者付費後透過網路搜尋歌曲點唱,倘若業者資料庫內含侵權連結、或是消費者點選網路搜尋所得未經授權的影音內容連結;則電話亭KTV業者是否應負一定的侵權責任?相關業者曾以「僅是提供超連結至未經授權的串流伴唱音樂,若拔下網路,就無法使用該機台」,作為沒有侵害著作權的抗辯事由,但論者常有認為此類商業模式,乃是間接透過連結中的侵權內容而營利,若一律免責,於著作權利保護似有失衡。本文即擬以電話亭KTV涉及提供侵權連結之模式為核心,透過比較分析法與文獻分析法,首先探討美國與歐盟的法律規定與相關判決:其次由我國立法及司法實務面,分別整理探討我國於2019年新增著作權法第87條第1項第8款規定,以及法院對於提供侵權連結行為是否應負侵權責任的見解。最後,本文將就此問題提出研究心得與建議。

 

Shall Providing Copyright Infringing Links be Responsible for Copyright Infringements- With Special Reference to the Case of Mini Karaoke Booth

Ya-Chi Chiang

abstract

The prevalence of digital technology has changed many aspects of people’s lives and entertainment models. Taking Mini Karaoke Booth as an example, unlike traditional karaoke attracting groups of people, it aims to serve individual consumers, providing the complete set of equipment for singing in a limited space that only allows one person to stay in. The strength of Mini Karaoke Booth is the flexibility and freedom for one to sing alone at will. Nonetheless, these Mini Karaoke Booths operate in various ways. Some of them preinstalled songs in the computer for consumers to select, others offer the access to the internet for users to search. If consumers click on links that lead to unauthorized audio-video content, whether the owner of Mini Karaoke Booth shall be held responsible for users who click on the copyright infringing content via the internet access in the booth? It is common for owners of Mini Karaoke Booths to claim that they only show copyright infringing links accessed by users, yet the question arises whether it is fair when someone profited from this business model with no one being held responsible for copyright infringements? This article intends to focus on whether providing copyright infringing links shall be held responsible for copyright infringements. It will begin with exploring the relevant legislations and rulings in the US and European Union. Subsequently, this article will discuss the new Article in Copyright Act added in 2019 and relevant judicial decisions in Taiwan. Lastly, this article will draw a conclusion on this issue based on the analysis of the new regulations and rulings.